Letter of Invitation
Participants requiring a formal letter of invitation to enable them to make their arrangements to participate in the symposium should send a request for an official invitation letter to our Secretariat at EUS2018@kenes.com.
Please note that this letter cannot be regarded as a commitment regarding scheduling or financial support from the organizers.
For a short stay in Thailand you may not require a Thailand visa if you are citizen of one of the approximately 40 nations that qualify for a Thai visa waiver or Thai visa exemption. With evidence of onward/return travel, citizens of New Zealand, Australia, Canada, the USA, and most European nations may enter Thailand for up to 30 days without a Thai visa. These Thailand visa waivers are issued upon arrival in Thailand. Those entering Thailand by land may not receive a 30-day exemption however; the Thai visa waiver was reduced to 15 days for those entering by land after January 1, 2009.
Visa on Arrival
According to the Interior Ministerial Announcements, passport holders from 19 countries and territories may apply for visas at the immigration checkpoints for the purpose of tourism for the period of not exceeding 15 days. For more information please visit: http://www.immigration.go.th.
The weather in Thailand is generally hot and humid: typical of its location within the tropics. Generally speaking, Thailand can be divided into three seasons: hot season, rainy season, and cool season, though Thailand’s geography allows visitors to find suitable weather somewhere in the country throughout the year. The rainy season (lasts from May to November) is dominated by the southwest monsoon. During this period rainfall in most of Thailand is at its heaviest.
In the month of December – it’s a cool season in Bangkok, however, despite being the coldest month of the year, temperatures tend to stay the same. In December, the sun normally shines for at least 9 hours per day, but prepare yourself for rain as there are on average 2 days of rainfall during the month. Around 40mm of rain falls throughout December, with temperatures generally settling between 21°C and 31°C.
The daily average temperature for Bangkok in December is usually around 26°C. Make sure you pack a raincoat or umbrella as there may be rain. However, it is the driest part of the year in the city. The highest ever recorded temperature in December for Bangkok is 37°C with the lowest being 13°C. However, temperatures are usually within the averages for the month. The average sea temperature in December is normally around 28°C, which is warm enough for most to want a swim in the ocean. The average humidity for the resort is around 62% and due to the warm temperatures, you may feel fatigue or discomfort.
Thailand Weather Report: www.tmd.go.th
While the official Thai language is widely spoken throughout Thailand, many Thais also speak and understand English, though more so in Bangkok and the major tourist areas. As visitors to Thailand also include many Europeans and other Asians, Thai people’s language skills often also include these other languages to varying degrees. The Thai language itself is challenging to master, but Thai people are happy to help foreigners learn a few words to help them get around. However, English is typically the common currency for cross-cultural conversation as Thailand hosts visitors from around the world.
The currency of Thailand is the Thai Baht. Baht comes in both coin and banknote forms. The size of Thai currency both coins and bills increases with value and varies in colors.
Baht Foreign currency
34 Baht 1 US Dollar
39 Baht 1 Euro
30 Baht 100 Yen
5.0 Baht 1 Yuan
***Please note that these values are only approximate values. Please check daily exchange rate at www.bot.or.th
Thailand Standard time is GMT+7. Thailand does not observe daylight savings.
Electrical outlets in Thailand are charged to 220 V at 50 cycles per second, which is compatible with appliances from the U.K. but not those from the US and many other nations. While most computer cables have adapters for voltage, visitors from the U.S. and those not on the 220/50 V. will have to bring adapters to run most other appliances. Outlets in Thailand generally feature flat, two pronged plugs, though some feature holes for round plug ends. Few outlets feature three holes (grounded outlets) so it is often necessary to have a three to two prong adapter for using notebook computers in Thailand.
Thailand is generally safe. However, in case of emergency, one can dial the following numbers:
Ambulance and Rescue: 1554
National Disaster Warning Centre: 1860
Bangkok Metropolitan Administration: 1555
Police (General Emergency Call): 191
SOS – Police and Fire Department: 199
Highway Police: 1193
Time Service: 181
Immigration Department: (02) 287-3101
Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation: 1784
Medical Emergency Call: 1669
Tourist Assistance : 1337 ext. 9